Continuous emissions monitoring system


The category /business/energy/stationaryCombustion/cems contains data and methodologies for calculating CO2 emissions from stationary fuel combustion using Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems (CEMS). Such systems permit CO2 emissions to be calculated on the basis of regular measurements of the volumetric flow rate and CO2 content of aggregate emissions from fuel burning facilities.

The data and calculation methodologies found herein are based on those outlined in Appendix F of Title 40 CFR Part 75 in the US EPA's Acid Rain Program, and support recommendations relating to the EPA's Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting (Tier 4 approach) and the World Resources Institute Greenhouse Gas Protocol.

Following these methodologies, this category includes functionality for specifying the flow rate of stack emissions, the concentrations of CO2, O2 and moisture within the stack outflow, and the duration of facility operation. The concentration of O2 within the stack outflow is useful for deriving a corresponding CO2 concentration where this is not explicitly available.

Using this category

To use this category, select the type of fuel burned using the fuel and subtype drill choices. Next specify the stack average volumetric gas flow, the stack CO2 concentration and the duration of facility operation using the flowRate (volume per time), carbonDioxideConcentration (fraction, 0-1) and operatingTime (time) profile item values. The returned value represents the CO2 emitted during the operating time specified, converted into kilograms using the default CO2 density of 0.0517104 kg per scf.

Specifying CO2 density

The default value for CO2 density can be over-ridden by setting the density profile item value. This may be useful if density data specific to the atmospheric conditions of the facility stack are available.

Specifying stack moisture content

If CO2 concentration is measured on a dry basis (i.e. stack moisture is removed prior to the analysis), the emissions calculation must include a correction for stack gas moisture content so that the volumetric concentration matches the volumetric flow basis. To specify the moisture content of the stack emissions, set the moistureContent profile item value (fraction, 0-1). CarbonKit will take this moisture level into consideration, following EPA guidelines, when calculating total CO2 emissions.

Specifying stack O2 concentration

If direct stack CO2 concentration data is not available, it can be back-calculated using O2 concentration data. To specify the O2 concentration, set the value (fraction, 0-1) using the oxygenConcentration profile item value. CarbonKit will derive the corresponding CO2 concentration according to the EPA methodology, and return the quantity of CO2 emissions associated with the flow rate and operating time specified. Users should note that the O2 based calculation is only used if no CO2 concentration is explicitly specified in the carbonDioxideConcentration profile item value. As with the direct CO2 calculation, any specified moisture content will be taken in to account.

See here for information on using British thermal units (Btu's) with the CarbonKit platform

DOSKOBPK279M coal, anthracite
5HD73L51UMPY coal, bituminous
6XU4S1B0KT7N coal, lignite
9YCO5LMNCSTX coal, sub-bituminous
385ZPCVWRY3V gas, butane
Q8S8M6AWRU7W gas, natural gas
SJDGED4Q80VN gas, propane
LYE0ZOFJ2DNI petroleum coke
W9UF47PK4IOU tire derived fuel
J652B1BM1SAL wood, bark
ZFBWO6VJPZEM wood, wood residue
Log in to perform calculations on this data
Name: Continuous_emissions_monitoring_system
Full path: /business/energy/stationaryCombustion/cems
Parent Category: Stationary Combustion
Provenance: US EPA