Iron and steel generic processes
This methodology represents carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) emissions associated with the a number of processes employed in the iron and steel industry. The data and calculation methodology is sourced from Volume 3, Chapter 4 - Metal Industry Emissions of the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories.
This methodology enables the calculation of CO2 and CH4 emissions associated with a selection of production processes associated with the iron and steel industry (coke, iron, steel, sinter production). The methodology is based upon emissions factors which describe the typical rate at which emissions occur in relation to the quantity produced. Multiplying a quantity produced by the appropriate emissions factors results in an estimate for the associated emissions.
This methodology represents the IPCC Tier 1 approach.
The rate at which emissions occur varies according to the specfic process under consideration. This methodology provides CO2 and CH4 emissions factors for 9 distinct processes commonly employed in the iron and steel industry.
Activity data required
CO2 and CH4 emissions are directly proportionate to the quantity of material produced, which is therefore required in order to calculate.
Calculation and results
Emissions are calculated by multiplying the quantity produced by the appropriate emissions factors. CO2e emissions are also calculated by converting absolute emissions using the appropriate global warming potentials.
Higher tier IPCC methodologies for iron and steel-associated process emissions are also available, including tier 2/3 methodologies for iron and steel production, sinter, direct reduced iron and coke production. These methodologies require more detail information regarding the feedstocks and products involved in the processes under consideration.